Inheritance, Social relations

What Is The Islamic Ruling On Disowning Your Children?

Question: What is the verdict of the Islamic scholars and righteous Islamic jurists on this matter, whereby a Muslim person Hanafi in the school of thought for whatever reason disowns his Muslim son Hafiz al-Quran who is steadfast in fasting and prayer. Will this Hafiz al-Quran then be disowned or not? And will he receive the inheritance from his father or not? And explain it with evidence from the Quran and Hadith whether he will receive it or not. State and be rewarded.
 
Sender: Hafiz Abd al-Latif Saheb from Aligarh in India.
 
Answer:
 
Disowning or not is based on the child’s action. Anyone who irritates his mother or father for no valid reason is disowned, even if his parents may be satisfied otherwise not, even if his parents are angry for no valid reason. There is no value if the father or the mother disowns [the child]. The laity believe that disowning children is like divorcing women. The woman is expelled from the marriage by divorce, in the same way, the parent who disowns the child is expelling the child and depriving him of the inheritance. This is simply false. Children can in no way be disowned from being children, apart from disbelief [kufr] – Allah’s refuge is sought. And their inheritance cannot be taken in any way, save five nullifications; having another religion, or other households, being a slave, or Allah forbids murdering the testator, or both died in the same way not knowing which of them died first, besides these the judgment will be general, as:
 
يُوصِيكُمُ ٱللَّهُ فِىٓ أَوْلَـٰدِكُمْ ۖ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ ٱلْأُنثَيَيْنِ
Allah commands you concerning your children; the son’s share is equal to that of two daughters. [4:11]
 
And Allah Almighty knows best.
 
al-Imam Ahmad Raza Khan al-Qadiri al-Barelvi
24-Dhu al-Qida-1335 || ≈ 12-Sep-1917
al-‘Ataya al-Nabawiyyah fi’l-Fatawa al-Ridawiyyah: vol. 26, p. 349, #167

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