Halal & Haram

What Is The Islamic Ruling On Using A Mosquito Zapper?

What is the verdict of the Islamic scholars in the following matter that a machine to kill mosquitoes has come on the market that has an electric current and is charged with electricity? It is used to kill mosquitoes. What is it like to use this according to Islamic law? Endow an answer.
 
Questioner: Muhammad Anas Aalam Razvi of Paakwara Muradabad, India
 
Answer:
 
The function of this device is to burn mosquitoes and Islamic law prohibits burning living things.
 
The noble hadith states:
عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللہِ ، عَنْ أَبِیہِ ، قَالَ کُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللہِ ﷺ وسلم فِی سَفَرٍ ، فَانْطَلَقَ لِحَاجَتِہِ ، فَرَأَیْنَا حُمَّرَۃً مَعَہَا فَرْخَانِ فَأَخَذْنَا فَرْخَیْہَا ، فَجَاء َتِ الْحُمَرَۃُ ، فَجَعَلَتْ تُعَرِّشُ فَجَاء َ النَّبِیُّ ﷺ ، فَقَال مَنْ فَجَعَ ہَذِہِ بِوَلَدِہَا ؟ رُدُّوا وَلَدَہَا إِلَیْہَا وَرَأَی قَرْیَۃَ نَمْلٍ قَدْ حَرَّقْنَاہَا ، فَقَالَ مَنْ حَرَّقَ ہَذِہِ ؟ قُلْنَانَحْنُ ، قَالَ إِنَّہُ لاَ یَنْبَغِی أَنْ یُعَذِّبَ بِالنَّارِ إِلاَّ رَبُّ النَّارِ۔
Abdul Rahman bin Abdullah reported from his father: We were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ on his journey. He left to relieve himself. We saw a bird with two cubs. We grabbed the two cubs and the bird began to flap its wing as such until the Prophet ﷺ came. He said, ‘Who has pained her because of her children? Give her back the cubs.’ And then he saw an anthill that we had burned and said, ‘Who burned this?’ We said, ‘We have burned it.’ He said, ‘Tormenting with fire is not suitable for anyone except by the Creator of fire.’
[Sunan Abu Dawud: 2/714, کتاب الادب ، باب فی قتل الذر]
 
From this blessed hadith, it has become clear that the authority to burn a living being is only permitted to Allah, not another.
 
Allamah Ibn Hajar Asqalani (may Allah have mercy on him) says in Sharh Bukhari:
وأما فی شرعنا فلا یجوز احراق الحیوان بالنار الا فی القصاص بشرطہ
According to our Islamic law, it is not allowed to burn a living being, but with indemnification [qisas] it is allowed with conditions.
[Fath al-Bari Sharh Sahih Bukhari: 6/358]
 
It says in Durr al-Mukhtar:
فی المبتغی یکرہ احراق جرادوقمل وعقرب ولابأس بأحراق حطب فیمانمل
In al-Mubtagha it says, ‘It is disapproving [makruh] to burn locusts, worms and scorpions, and if it is in the wood, then there is nothing wrong with burning it.’
 
Allamah Shami has assessed that this disapproval as sinfully disapproving [makruh tahrima]. He says under ‘It is disapproving to burn locusts:’
ای تحریما
i.e., all is sinfully disapproving [tahrima]
[کتاب الخنثی: 10/482]
 
In Muhit Burhani it says:
وفی فتاوی أہل سمرقندإحراق القمل والعقرب بالنار مکروہ ، جاء فی الحدیث لا یعذب بالنار إلا ربہا۔
It says in Fatwa Ahl Samarqand: ‘It is sinfully disapproving [makruh] to burn locusts and scorpions. It has come in the hadith: “Torment with fire shall not be given except by the Creator of fire.’”
[الفصل الثالث والعشرون: 5/254]
 
It is clear from the above hadith and jurisprudential expressions that it is not permissible to burn a living being because torment by burning is only by Allah.
 
The fact is that mosquitoes are deadly animals and their bites can cause many deadly diseases in the human body, such as dengue, malaria and typhus, and these diseases make it difficult for humans to survive. But there are many other ways to repel and kill mosquitoes, but this method should not be used in any way.
 
This is what I have and the knowledge is with Allah Almighty.
 
Mufti Muhammad Zulfaqar Khan Naimi Kakralwi
23-Jumada al-Akhir-1434 || ≈ 4-Mei-2013
 al-Fuyudat al-Nabawiyyah fi’l-Fatawa al-Hanafiyya (Fatawa Uttarakhand): vol. 1, p. 326
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