Avoid mockers of Quranic verses; leave them. Return when mocking stops. Exceptions: prayer, preaching. Applies to all Muslims.
Ibn ‘Abidin (1784-1836) was Damascus’ leading Hanafi Imam. Notable works include “Radd al-Muhtar” and “Al-‘Uqud al-Durriyah”. Born, passed away in Damascus.
If Zayd insults Islam directly, he’s certainly deemed a disbeliever. Other scenarios allow interpretation. Repentance and reaffirmation are crucial.
Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir, revered Sultan of India, expanded territories, scholarly Muslim king, devoted Sufi, commissioned “Fatawa al-Alamgiri”, reigned fifty years.